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Technical Article

Computing Machines or Thinking Machines


“What we want is a machine that can learn from experience……and the possibility of letting the machine alter its own instructions provides the mechanism for this”

During a public lecture in London in 1947, the first concept of computer intelligence was shared by Alan Turing, who was later portrayed as the father of modern computer science. 75 years later, artificial intelligence and machine thinking have become common talk. However, we are still trying to make machines more humane, helping them learn to think, feel, and develop emotions the way humans do.

A new era in computing is just beginning as developers give computers ever-greater cognitive capacities. By handling more complex tasks autonomously, free from human biases and errors, these machines will drastically alter our lives.

Machines are now far better at listening, communicating, and learning, which has changed how they work with us and have had a big impact on our everyday lives, daily routines, and our economy. How will these machines improve our lives as we train them to become more sophisticated? What will set their thought processes apart from ours? Will these machines be able to comprehend information, ideas, and behaviours that are too complex or difficult for people to understand?

We define thinking as “The process of considering or reasoning about something”. Thinking is simply, prediction. Thinking develops to anticipate, predict, and imagine what will occur, the reasoning process begins with this "IF." It gives us initiative, by forcing us to imagine all possible scenarios. The question that arises now is whether computers can think? Are they mindlessly following a set of rules that the human (computer programmer) has set out for them? Or will they ever be able to upgrade themselves to a thinking machine?

There are several works regarding the system design of an emotional system. The current forms of AI cannot have their own emotions, but they can mimic emotions, such as empathy. We have in fact reached a point where computers understand human emotions better than ever and to a degree that many will categorize as science fiction.

It’s obvious that computers do not think, but they do have a function that allows them to make sense of any information and data attributed to them. This sounds a bit like how humans behave, but of course, with different states of awareness.

Thinking is not something that happens naturally in humans. There is a well-defined sequence of discrete actions that drive the process of thinking. Data is transmitted as electrical signals along a route between neurons when we are exposed to external stimuli like sight or sound. The inter-neuron connections' strength, which is the culmination of all prior learning experiences, determines the precise course. Numerous additional neurons may send messages to a neuron. If the sum of all input signals crosses its activation threshold, it transmits the signal to the next connection; otherwise, the signal dies at that neuron. In essence, thinking involves gathering information from input neurons, gradually abstracting it through several connections among those "thinking neurons," and finally resulting in output neurons instructing muscles.

Just as we know, all digital computers rely on a binary system of ones and zeros. They are purely based on the logic set out in the 1850s by the English mathematician, George Boole. A neural network's computing unit is referred to as a "node," and unlike densely packed neurons in three dimensions, nodes are connected to one another in layers: an input layer for gathering data, an output layer for producing results, and numerous "hidden layers" in between for processing. Each node gives the connection from an incoming node a "weight," and the output is the weighted sum of the data from all of the incoming nodes. The node sends its output to the following connected node if the weighted sum is greater than the quantitative threshold.

In light of this, we contend that machines do indeed think, although in a manner distinct from that of humans. Though the structure is extremely different between the human brain and the intelligent systems we design, it is the same. Machines are already capable of thinking, and it will only be a matter of time before they can do it efficiently.

Fathima Nooha Kottangodan

TKM College Of Engineering

Updates

Group Discussion

IEEE Computer Society Kerala Section held the second task of Elever 2.0, A Group Discussion on 7th May 2022 held for IEEE Computer Society members exclusively. The event consisted of three rounds. In the first round, the participants had to fill in their ideas and thoughts in regard to the topic. Best entries are shortlisted for the second round and grouped randomly into teams and the Group Discussion was conducted via Google Meet. The participants with the best performance are selected for the final round where another Group discussion is held based on the criteria of Quality of content, Presentation and Communication. There were a total of 59 participants and the winners were Varun Pradeep from team RAID, Amrita Jiju from team Technocrats and Sanjana Nair From Team RAIDwho one first, second and third respectively bagging the prize of 1K among themselves.

UI/UX Design Challenge

The third task of Elever 2.0 was the UI/UX Design Challenge which was a submission event with a deadline on 24th June 2022. The participants had to create UI wireframe of an application to be used by an educational institution. The judging criteria for the event were UI design, Aesthetics, Features of the application, Quality of work, Working of the wireframe, Modern UI trends and Compatibility of UI on different platforms. There were a total of 13 participants and the winners were Alan James from Team Fluxus (AJCE), Romal Raju from Team Axis Alliance (CE-KGR) and Devaraghav A.G from Team Technocrats (GECBH).

Techthreads

The first edition of the half-yearly technical blogging competition exclusively for IEEE Computer Society Members has been held successfully. The deadline for the submission for the blog article was on 30th July 2022 and the participants had to write on the theme Metaverse.

Scholars 2.0

IEEE Computer Society Kerala Chapter held a golden opportunity for students to talk Richard E.Merwin (REM) Scholars i.e. students who have obtained the Richard E.Merwin Scholarship. The REM scholars were Ganesh Uthiravasagam, Priyadharshini Shashikumar and Shivam Grove. held on 9th April 2022 on 6 PM.They gave the students a profound insight on their journey and how they obtained the scholarship.

Techthreads 2021

Alina Thomas Thanganadan of Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology. Arunima S Pillai from Govt. Engineering College, Wayanad and Adarsh P Sunil from RIT, Kottayam won first, second and third respectively for the Biannual Technical Blog writing competition held by IEEE Computer Society Kerala Section.

IEEE CS Orientation

IEEE Computer Society Sree Chitra Thirunal Student Branch held an orientation class for all CS and CL freshers of their college on IEEE Computer Society. The session was taken by Gokul C M Student Representative of IEEE Computer Society Kerala Section on the 26th of May 2022 from 3:30 PM to 4:30 PM. It was an offline session that helped the students learn about the society and its umpteen benefits.

Achievements

For the first time in the history of the Kerala Section more than 19 Computer Society Student Branch Chapters of the Kerala Section have received the much acclaimed Annual Chapter Grant from IEEE Computer Society MGAB obtaining a whopping gross amount of $4567.

Hub Events

Kochi Hub

CL Battle

The younger generation should always be accustomed to essential technology and software in today's times. And what better way to ensure that than a competition. IEEE Computer Society SBC GECI conducted CL Battle, a sequel event of the Hour of Code Prerequisite Session. The competition was conducted to familiarize the students with Linux Shell, Compilers, Git and GitHub. And to make it even more interesting, a cash prize of Rs. 500 was offered. Janajith D and Adithyan P co-ordinated the whole event. The event was a command line Wargame using basic Linux Commands which comprised 15 levels. The event was held online, on 23rd May as an overnight event at 6 pm which went on for two days. It was attended by about 42 members. After the initial stage, a few were shortlisted. An intense competition followed, after which the winner was declared as Robin Raj.

Understanding Stock Market The ‘Correct Way’

The Stock Market is a means to channel the savings of individuals into productive investment. But it can prove to be really tricky to invest as a beginner. To provide a clear understanding of how things work in a share market, IEEE CS, Kerala Chapter organized a session on June 5, 2022, headed by Mr Uthraj M S, CEO and Founder of T - Community with 42 participants. After introducing the fundamental terms, Mr Uthraj shared his insight into the stock market, being a veteran of more than three years. A successful investment has a lot to do with being able to analyze upcoming trends, predict outcomes and trade without incurring heavy losses. Interpretation using candlestick charts and graphs was also explained. The participants learned about the investment opportunities they could pursue and were given the opportunity to join T - Community where they could master the tricks of the share market.

Travancore Hub

Exordium

IEEE CS SBC TKMCE and Wie AG TKMCE organized Exordium, a Flutter internship programme. With a total of 12 participants, 5 of whom were IEEE members, the programme was held on April 25, 2022. Karthik Sunil, a third-year ECE student at TKMCE, led the session.

The first session of the course, which was held just for girls, was well welcomed by the pupils. The main goal of the lesson was to help the participants comprehend the fundamentals of app development and the necessary tools. Introduction to app development and the benefits of using Flutter were discussed in the class. Discussion topics included its importance in the actual world, its popularity, and the many technologies employed.

In addition to the theoretical seminars, a demonstration of a Flutter installation was shown, and the attendees responded in kind. They were able to successfully execute it locally on their smartphone.

Malabar Hub

Convenio

IEEE Computer Society has been one of the leading bodies in IEEE in terms of membership count, participation and events. Joining IEEE Computer Society comes with its own benefits and there are plenty. Regardless of the year or branch, you are in, the IEEE Computer Society provides numerous opportunities to shine. Along with volunteering, the vast resources and networking one gets are truly remarkable.

To make sure the newer students knew about and engaged with the IEEE Computer Society, IEEE SB GCEK conducted an orientation session called Convenio on May 9, 2022, at 08:00 pm. This was mainly to get a clear idea about the perks of being a Computer Society member. The session was held on the Google Meet platform. It was handled by Sandeep E P, Membership Development Coordinator, IEEE CS Kerala Chapter. The session was an hour long and 29 participants were present for it.